The Gemini Exchange is a global cryptocurrency exchange founded in 2014 by Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss, famous investors and Harvard classmates of Mark Zuckerberg.
The Winklevoss brothers announced the launch of Gemini in early 2014, and the exchange became operational in October 2015.
Gemini is a cryptocurrency exchange based in the United States and Canada. As of Q2 2022, it services customers in more than 60 countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada.
Like other digital currency exchanges, Gemini allows users to buy and sell a variety of digital currencies, either with digital currency (for example, using bitcoin to buy litecoin) or using fiat currency like U.S. dollars to buy digital currencies.
Gemini offers a wide variety of products that range from small investments to advanced traders, features like charting and instant trades. Gemini Exchange is the platform offered by Gemini specifically for buying/selling cryptocurrency. The mobile app also includes the Gemini Wallet–allowing users to buy items using their crypto funds stored within the wallet.
Gemini’s Active Trader Platform is for more experienced traders. The platform, according to Gemini’s website, includes “advanced charting, various order types, auctions, and block trading.” They also say that they can execute transactions in “microseconds,” but this may be dependent on your definition of “execute” and the type of cryptocurrency you’re buying.
The Gemini Custody is a unique product. It not only cold stores assets but also provides insurance coverage of $200 million for crypto holdings. In addition, it is a fiduciary and custodian licensed under New York Banking law which makes Gemini one of the most secure exchanges available. Finally, Gemini acts as a clearinghouse for off-exchange trades.
The Gemini Exchange has always been at the forefront of innovation, and in early May 2016 it became the first licensed Ethereum exchange in the United States. This set it apart from its competitors and put it firmly on the map as a leading player in the cryptocurrency space.
Gemini made history in May 2018 when it became the first world exchange licensed to trade Zcash.
After Gemini began to offer block trading in April 2018, allowing users to buy and sell large orders of digital currencies outside of Gemini’s usual order books, the company decided to create additional liquidity opportunities.
Gemini has partnered with other leading organizations and companies, most notably with Nasdaq. Through this April 2018 collaboration, Gemini can utilize Nasdaq’s SMARTS technology to eliminate fraudulent activity and price manipulation of digital currency. Besides the groundbreaking partnership with Nasdaq, Gemini also teamed up Caspian, the digital currency trading and risk-management service.
In late November 2017, Gemini had an influx of users which caused the site to crash for a few hours. Other digital currency exchanges like Coinbase also experienced similar issues around the same time. In response, representatives from Gemini wrote on their company blog that this was not the first time they’ve had such difficulty and it definitely won’t be the last. They indicated that they are continuing to find ways to improve their performance and infrastructure monitoring so these types of issues can be handled quickly in
Gemini has worked hard to assure compliance with federal and state legislation governing the trade and purchase of cryptocurrencies. As a result, the firm describes itself as a “New York trust company licensed by the New York State Department of Financial Services.”
As of early 2021, the Winklevoss twins were considering taking the exchange public in a number of ways, including an initial public offering (IPO), direct listing, or special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) merger.